School Psychology, Ph.D.


American Psychological Association (APA) - Division 16

Division 16: School Psychology is composed of scientific-practitioner psychologists whose major professional interests lie with children, families and the schooling process. The division represents the interests of psychologists engaged in the delivery of comprehensive psychological services to children, adolescents and families in schools and other applied settings. The division is dedicated to facilitating the professional practice of school psychology and actively advocates in domains, such as education and health care reform, which have significant implications for the practice of psychology with children. Members receive the journal School Psychology Quarterly and the quarterly newsletter The School Psychologist. The division welcomes student members. Non-doctoral-level school psychologists and practitioners are welcome to join the division as professional affiliates.

Association of Psychology Postdoctoral and Internship Centers (APPIC Internships)

Students and Postdocs
APPIC resources assist students seeking quality internship and postdoctoral training. The APPIC Match assists psychology training programs to find the highest quality applicants. The APPIC Website gives students access to: the APPIC Match, the National Matching Services, the APPIC Directory On Line and the online APPIC Application for Psychology Internship (AAPI). The AAPI will increase by $15 per application for the 2014-15 internship year, 15 applications will cost $400.

National Association of School Psychologists (NASP)

The National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) empowers school psychologists by advancing effective practices to improve students’ learning, behavior, and mental health.

American Psychological Association of Graduate Students (APAGS)

APAGS offers all its members enormous opportunities to enhance their development towards a career in psychology and to shape the future of the discipline. From at home access to research tools like PsycINFO, to opportunities to present your work at APA's annual conventions, membership in APA/APAGS will help you succeed in graduate school and develop as a member of the psychological community.

Student Affiliates of School Psychology, a student organization of APA Division 16, has been active at UNC in the past. More information regarding SASP can be found at In addition, students can join the Graduate Student Association. Please see the GSA website at for more detailed information.

Council of Directors of School Psychology Programs (CDSPP)

The Council of Directors of School Psychology Programs (CDSPP) is an organization of North American doctoral programs in school psychology. Doctoral programs in school psychology in a regionally-accredited institution of higher learning are entitled to membership; APA accreditation is not required for CDSPP membership. CDSPP’s mission is to foster the advancement of doctoral education in school psychology in all its aspects. This mission includes both providing a mechanism for dissemination of information, exchange of views, collection of data, facilitation of communication, and formulation of policies, concerning doctoral training in school psychology; and providing consultative resources, maintaining active liaison, and promoting the representation of school psychology programs in functions of APA and other organizations which are relevant to doctoral education in school psychology.

National School Psychology Certification System NSPCS

The National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) created the National School Psychology Certification System (NSPCS) for the purpose of credentialing school psychologists who meet a nationally recognized standard. The NSPCS is open to members of NASP as well as to nonmembers. The administration of the NSPCS is vested under the authority of the National School Psychology Certification Board (NSPCB).

Specific goals of the NSPCS include the following:

  • To promote uniform credentialing standards across states, agencies and training institutions
  • To monitor the implementation of NASP credentialing standards at the national level
  • To promote continuing professional development (CPD) for school psychologists
  • To facilitate credentialing of school psychologists across states through the use of reciprocity
  • To ensure a consistent level of training and experience in service providers who are nationally certified
  • To promote the utilization of NASP Standards for Training and Field Placement Programs in School Psychology (2000) by training institutions
  • To encourage school psychologists to seek national certification

Penn State School Psychology Internship List

The current Directory of Internships for Doctoral Students in School Psychology includes listings for approximately 362 full-time and 19 half-time pre-doctoral internships at 60 sites throughout the country. Sites listed in the directory have indicated that their internships meet the most recent (1998) internship guidelines of the Council of Directors of School Psychology Programs (CDSPP). The directory also includes information for three full-time post-doctoral positions at two different sites. Click here to download the 2013-2014 directory.